完型填空一直都是大家比較害怕的題型(including me)!但是,上海的高考完型填空考察方向還是很明確的——考察上下文邏輯關係,即:考察學生“句內理解”、“句間理解”和“段間理解”,不像外地考察近義詞辨析、語法和綜合理解!所以,這就是為什麼到了第三輪建議大家做和高考平行難度的題,不要做“怪題”和“偏題”,所以很多學校都定和做了題庫中心教研員的有編號的Iread試卷…做了部分,有些偏簡單,有些還是不錯的,大家可以挑選做(11選10和完型都感覺不錯),比如上次給我們培訓的用的那份Test20的完型填空的第一段和後面教研員給的解釋:



當時教研員現場給我們分析的第一段

41題,當時我們老師也好多人做錯,這裡在準確把握四個選項的意思的基礎上,看清楚 feel fed up and rundown 之間的並列邏輯關係(感覺厭倦和沮喪),就不會誤選成 feel cheered up and rundown (感覺歡快和沮喪),且後面還有have too much or too little color in us (我們有太多或者太少的某種顏色),很具有迷惑性,不看懂上下句邏輯關係,前面就會誤選擇一組相反的意思!所以,大家在做題的時候一定要看懂上下文!

42題,draw us to them 和前面 each of us is attracted to one color照應,記得那幾個孩子做錯的,都 是由於不知道draw 有吸引的意思!attract one’s attention = draw one’s atten = engage one’s attention,這些大家都需要掌握哦!

44題,其實這句話是對前面的導入進行概括總結,in other words (換句話說),記得2017年SSP報紙寒假1-2月刊的第一段:

While awareness and mastery of skills are important steps in any learning process, it is only when conscious skills are put to work that you will experience the involvement and excitement that accompany personal growth. The (1) 

infant
mimicking sounds, the youngster practicing to ride his bicycle, the teenager learning to drive, the adult preparing to buy a house—all experience a good deal of anticipation, but the anticipation pales next to the (2) 

excitement
of first communicating verbally or riding a bicycle solo or taking that first drive or moving into that first home.(3)

In other words
, social interaction is the highest degree of personal involvement, the logical peak experience towards what awareness and mastery lead.

這裏的第三題,也是對於前面的導入的概括與總結,選擇in other words (換句話說),44題,又增加了點難度,把選項放於居中充當插入語,大家可以把其拿到最前面,從而把握後面整個句子的意思!

45題,這是一個非限制性定語從句,look for alternatives to mainstream traditional medicine, which (they think) is un

satisfactory
.上下句邏輯的支撐是—–不令人滿意,所以前面要尋找替代品!而且45題的選項C invaluable 本身也比較具有迷惑性—–invaluable = priceless 無價之寶的,worthless=valuless 無價值的;不值錢的。如果大家這方面的基本功不紮實也會選錯!

所以,記得完型填空教研員反覆強調了一句話—–完型做題技巧“依靠上下文邏輯支撐”! 所以,大家一定保證掌握基本的考綱單詞和短語(選項意思把握明確),然後要有一定句子成分和結構意識(能夠排除文章中插入語、後置定語、省略等干擾),用好邏輯關係小槓桿,才能排除選項中干擾項,從而撬起完型填空這個地球!


下面我們再來看下2017年的二模的各區的“邏輯關係”吧:

從題材角度:


充分體現了完型填空的體裁“議論文”或“說明文”

一、專題知識梳理-完型填空之議論文

知識點梳理一:命題趨勢

議論文是一種通過剖析事物,論述事理,提出主張,發表見解的文體。議論型完形填空分為兩種,一種是夾敘夾議型完形填空;另一種是純議論型完形填空。第一種的基本模式是:敘述事件,提出感悟,作出結論。第二種的基本模式是:提出論點,列舉論據,提出看法。這種完形填空都有以下特點;

1)首句制勝,論點明確。

議論型完形填空絕大多數都把文章主旨句作為首句。作者一般在這一句話中提出論點,然後在各段的首句提出分論點。

2)結構清晰,脈絡有序。

議論型完形填空的三要素:論點、論據和論證。它們一般有序地安排在引子、正文、結論這一議論文的一般結構中。能說明論據主要內容的答案,可以在論點里得到印證,而論點的答案也可以與論據結合起來,這樣論點、論據形成一體,相互印證。有時作者為了使文章脈絡清楚,邏輯流暢,都會使用一些連接詞。如:on thecontrary, all in all, in short, generally, worse still, on the other hand, in conclusion, as a consequence, hence, also, personally, further more, definitely, surely, undoubtedly, obviously, additionally, besides, likewise, for the sake of, firstly等。

3)按一定的方法論證。

議論型完形填空都是按一定的論證方法來論證的。常用的論證方法有:歸納法(分析個別事物,達到共同點,得出結論);推理法(從原理出發,個別分析說明,得出結論);對照法(正反對照,分析說明,得出結論);駁論法(闡述錯誤觀點,逐條批駁,闡明觀點)。

知識點梳理二:解題技巧

根據議論文的文體特點,我們在解題時應該考慮使用以下技巧:

1)關注文章首句,領會大意。

通過理解文章的首句,我們可以明確短文話題,了解篇章結構,預測全文內容。通過理解段落的首句,也可明確每段的大意。

2)根據前後語境,上下聯繫。

有時只需從空格所在句子的上文或下文考慮;有時需要從空格所在句子的前後2-3句考慮;還有的可能要從整個段落或整篇文章給予考慮,才可選出正確選項。上下文提供的信息對應關係以及詞語的重複使用,對解答完形填空也非常有用。

對於文中生詞的處理,有的可以通過句法分析判斷詞性,根據上下文猜測其大意;對不影響文章理解和解題的生詞可以跳過不管。

3)根據詞語辨析,挑選答案。

理解句子含義,判斷句義關係,從詞彙的意義、用法和搭配考慮,把握整體意思,尋找答題線索。

4)複核檢查。

如:2010上海卷;2011上海卷;


二、專題知識梳理-完型填空之說明文

知識點梳理一:命題趨勢

說明型完形填空選材難度一般低於試卷中的閱讀理解大題。在設空與選項設計方面充分體現了語言知識運用題的要求:以實詞為主,名、動、形、副等詞類佔全部小題數的90%,絕大多數小題都要從全文角度進行判斷。這一命題思路體現了“語篇意識”。說明型完形填空一般用言簡意賅的文字,按照一定的方法介紹事物,解釋事理。最顯著的特點是:

1) 開頭點題

做說明型完形填空時,要明確說明的對象是什麼,是具體實物還是理論性概念。因此,明確說明的對象是掌握說明細節的前提。在近年的說明型填空中,作者一般在文章的首句直接提出說明的對象。

2) 結構清晰

把握語篇特徵對理解文意與答題極為有利。說明文的寫作一般按時間順序(指先後順序),空間順序(從局部到整體,從上到下、從內到外),邏輯順序(前因後果,先果后因,先主后次);認識順序(由此及彼,由淺入深,由具體到抽象,由現象到本質)。

知識點梳理二:解題技巧

做好說明文的完形填空,最主要的是抓住文章說明的中心,這要求考生做好以下方面:

1)注意文章的說明順序,常見的說明順序有時間、空間、邏輯(指先因後果或先果后因、先主后次的順序)和認識順序(指由此及彼,由淺入深,由局部到整體,由現象到本質,由具體到抽象的順序)。把握了說明的順序,就能準確的把握文章的脈絡,抓住文章的中心。

2) 注意段落之間的邏輯關係,說明文的首段往往是文章的主題段,每段的首句也是主題句,一定要把握好主題段和主題句,這是做好完形填空題的前提。

3) 注意文章結尾,文章結尾的段落往往對說明的問題進行總的概括,有時就是文章的點睛之處。

4)複核檢查。

如:2014長寧二模;2013浦東一模;


按邏輯關係

❤表示轉折關係:

例1:(徐匯區2017模)

He praised thegroupsfor getting hundreds of millions of people to back fighting climate change but (48)______ the outcome remained uncertain.

A. apologized    B. denied    C. warned    D. overlooked

答案解析:but前後應該是轉折關係,由前文praise可知後文的感情基調應該是指出不足,故選C提醒、警告。

2(徐匯區2017模)

“(52)______ the real effect of the agreement after it goes into effect is still uncertain, it is a simple sign that the international society is much more open to alter economic and political behavior to control climate change, which is by all means positive,”………

52.A. Until    B. Since    C. If    D. While

答案解析:52題後邊兩個句子,前一句和后一句的句意明顯不是個基調,前一句偏負面,后一句偏正面,所以是轉折關係,選D,譯為“儘管”。

3(普陀區2017模)

Although boxers wear gloves during the fights, and amateur boxers __48__ have to wear helmets, there have frequently been accidents in both professional and amateur boxing, sometimes with __49__ consequences.

48. A. otherwise    B. somehow    C. even    D. barely

49. A. dramatic     B. eye-catching     C. emotional     D. special

答案解析:第一句話表明,雖然拳擊者在比賽過程戴着手套,業餘的拳擊手甚至戴着頭盔,他們在專業或者業餘拳擊比賽中還是經常發生意外,有時是戲劇性結果。雖然和但是,表示的是轉折的關係。

4(普陀區2017模)

Of course, people like __54__ sports, and so do I, but I think that __55__ other people in an aggressive way is not something that should be regarded as a sport.

54. A. competitive     B. quiet     C. cooperative     D. regular

55. A. invading     B. insulting     C. teasing     D. hitting

答案解析:54題所在句子部分表達的是當然人們喜歡競賽我也是,但我認為。是轉折的關係,根據拳擊知道是在比賽過程中打人,55選D,“打”

5(奉賢區2017模)

Obviously there are cultural differences,but if you were talking to another person and they came upclosein your personal space,you wouldn’t think that’s the kind of thing a47brought-up person would do.

47. A. literarily     B. independently     C.properly     D. naturally

答案解析:根據but可知后句為前句的轉折句,傳達的內容與前句相反,所以表達的是讓人不舒服的行為很難讓人相信是正常的人能做的,選C。

6(閔行區2017模)

42.When we do wrong to someone we know, even notintentionally, we are generally expected to apologize so as to improve the situation. But when we’re acting as leaders, the circumstances are42   .

A.simple     B.ridiculous     C.abnormal     D.different

答案解析:前一句說當我們對認識的人做了錯事,別人通常期待我們道歉。緊接着轉折,但是,當我們作為領導者的時候,情形就不一樣了。因此選D.different。

7(浦東區2017模)

__42__, thanks to both economies and politics, globalization as we have known it isdevelopingfast.

42.A. Otherwise     B. hence     C. Moreover     D. Yet

答案解析:根據前面一句提到的經濟危機,本句說經濟全球化發展的很快,推斷出前後是轉折關係,所以選D。

8(浦東區2017年二模)

There’s no doubt globalization has increased wealth at both global and national levels.Butfree trade can also widen the __45__ gap within countries, in part by created concentrated groups of economic losers.

45.A. prince     B. welfare     C. pension     D. wealth

答案解析:前面一句說經濟全球化增加財富,連詞but后肯定是轉折關係了,推斷出自由貿易也擴大貧富差距,故選D。

9(浦東區2017年二模)

Nevertheless,there is one reason to be __52__ about the future of globalization —- at least, the new information-based kind.

52.A. confused     B.concerned     C. optimistic     D. curious

答案解析:前面一段說公司反對自由貿易而退出全球化說明對經濟全球化的悲觀看法,本段用Nevertheless轉折,說明對經濟全球化未來的樂觀看法,故選C。

10(浦東區2017年二模)

Free trade has made goods and services cheaper for Americans —- think of all the inexpensive Chinese-made goods at Walmart —-butit hasn’t always __46__ their job prospects.

46.A. ruined     B. helped     C. foreseen     D. reversed

答案解析:本句前半部分說自由貿易好,but一轉折,所以後半部分應該是並不總是有好處的,故選B。

11(嘉定區2017年二模)

The college years are supposed to be a time for important growth in autonomy(自主性)and the development of adult identity.However, now they are becoming an___41___ period of adolescence,

41.A. expanded         B. educational        C. expected     D. extended

答案解析:文章開頭說大學應該是成人身份的培養,後面However一轉折,所以後半部分應該是青春期的延伸,故選D。


表示因果關係:

例1:(普陀區2017模)

However, there is a __47__ side to boxing. It can be a very dangerous sport.

47. A. positive    B. indifferent    C. deadly    D. negative

答案解析:however是一個轉折詞。同時通過後面句子的解釋:它也會視一項危險的運動。可知要說的是拳擊的不好的方面。因此選D。

2:(金山區2017模)

Why the(47)? Stanford University communications professor Clifford Nass,wrote that people tend to perceive female voices as helping them solve their problems by themselves, while they view male voices as authority figures who tell them the answers to their problems.

47. A.neutrality     B.prejudice    C. authority    D.conscience

答案解析:通過後句的條件可知,作者想要探討這一結果形成的原因,故選擇B。

3(閔行區2017模)

During the last decade or so, the United States in particular has developed an apology culture—apologies of all kinds and for all sorts of wrongdoings are made far more____46 ___than before.

46.A.interestedly    B.patiently    C.frequently    D.hopefully

答案解析:前半句說美國形成了一種道歉文化,因此各種各種形式的道歉應是比之前更頻繁了,選C.frequently

4(黃浦區2017模)

By 2014, when Ms Whitman announcedHP’s decision to separate its computer and printer businessfrom its corporate hardware and services operations, the company had grown into a clumsygiant. Its fortunes started todeclinewith a series of expensive and much criticized purchases. By 2012 it had lost its position as the world’s leading supplier of PCs to Lenovo. The dramatic __43__ was aimed at helping the firm adapt to the new age of mobile and online computing, responding to shareholder demands for more aggresivegrowth.

43.A.adventure    B. combination    C. development    D. Split

答案解析:前面講將公司分成不同的部門,這是一種變化,因此選D.split

5<b>(</b><b>浦東</b><b>區201</b><b>7</b><b>年</b><b>二</b><b>模)</b>

From 1990 to 2008, the areas most exposed to foreign competitions saw almost no net jobs created.That’s one reasonthenew generation of Americans is on track to be __48__ than their parents.

48.A. happier    B. healthier    C. wealthier    D. poorer

答案解析:前文說面對外國的競爭看不到工作的增加,後面那就是什麼什麼的原因可以推斷是因果關係,所以新一代比父輩更窮。選D

6(嘉定區2017模)

Learning to deal with the__48___world is equally important.Becausea college community(群體)differs from the family, many students will struggle to find a sense of belonging.

48.A.adult              B.virtual            C.real         D.social

答案解析:通過後句的因為大學群體和家庭不同可知,前文應該是說所以社會世界很重要,故選擇D


表示並列關係:

例1:(徐匯區2017模)

United Nations Secretary General Ban-Ki Moon celebrated the event, talking with nongovernmental groups at U.N. headquarters in New York to hear their concerns and (45)______ for the future.

“This is an emotional moment for me. It is a credit to all of you. And it is (46)______ for the world,” Ban said in his opening remarks.

Scientists praised the speed at which the agreement, signed by 192 parties last December in Paris, has come into force, saying it shows a new commitment by the international community toaddress a problem that is melting polar ice caps, sending sea levels (51)______and transforming vast areas into desert.

45.A. prejudices   B. approaches  C. visions     D. concepts

46.A. spiritual     B. historic       C. appropriate    D. valueless

51.A. falling       B. rising       C. disappearing       D. remaining

答案解析:這幾道題中都含有並列結構,所以需要多結合併列關係的成分進行解題分析,45題根據句意聽取他們關心的問題和對未來的__見解___。46題根據前兩句話的含義在表達讚揚之情,故選擇有歷史意義的意思。51題根據三個doing結構可見描述的是正在引起不良後果的問題,故選擇B。

2(奉賢區2017模)

If the robot isunsurewhether an animal is suitable for the microwave,it has the opportunity to stop,send out beeps,andask for53from a human.

53. A. permission       B.guidance       C. feedback       D. comment

答案解析:此句為並列,前句中的機器人不確定是否適合微波爐,它可以停下,發射信號,顯然所填空要表達尋求幫助的意思,故選擇B。

3(奉賢區2017模)

The most difficult step in programming values will be deciding exactly what we believe in54,and how to create a set ofethical(倫理的)rules.

54. A. principle       B. moral       C. standard       D. technology

答案解析:此句為並列關係,根據后句的如何創造倫理的規範可知,前句想表達的是決定我們所相信的道德觀,故選擇B。

4:(金山區2017模)

We want(48)to help us, but we also want to be the boss of it, so we are more likely to opt for a femaleinterface(接口程序).

48. A.interaction      B.technology      C.personality      D.society

答案解析:通過後句的female interface(接口程序)可知是想要科技設備幫助我們,故選擇B。.

5:(金山區2017模)

He sounded likeahigh school English teacher—educated and helpful but not(52)________.

52. A. strange      B. bossy      C. reliable      D. unique

答案解析:此空的之前的兩個單詞都是對於此科技設備聲音的描述,故需要填入一個並列意思詞彙,又結合上文可知,人們不喜歡強勢的聲音,故選擇B。

6(閔行區2017模)

More newspaper writers have written about the growing importance ofpublicapologies.Meanwhile, more and more articles, advice columns, and radio and televison programs have similarly dealt with the subject of _48  _apologies.

48.A.sincere      B.acceptable      C.private      D.positive

答案解析:此句是並列的搭配,所選private與前面的public對應。

7(閔行區2017模)

Their reasons can be individual or institutional. Because leaders are public figures, their apologies are likely to be personally uncomfortable and even____53____risky.

53.A.politically      B.professionally      C.academically      D.physically

答案解析:此句是並列對比關係,前一句的individual和institutional分別對應后一句的personally和53這個空,因此應選B.professionally職業地

8(浦東區2017二模)

This realization that the tide ofglobalizationdoesn’t raise all boats has fed into the anti-free trade movement.Andcompanies themselves are __51__globalization.

51.A. withdrawing from      B. counting on      C. profiting from      D. insisting on

答案解析:由後面的and引導的句子很明顯能看出來前後是並列關係,前面說公司反對自由貿易,所以下文自然得出公司會退出全球化,所以選擇A。

9(嘉定區2017模)

To prepare for increased autonomy and responsibility, college needs to be a time of___45__andexperimentation.

45.A.instruction       B.exploration       C.reflection         D.preparation

答案解析:45題的設空後面是and,明顯和後面的試驗是並列關係,也即是同義詞,故選擇B。

答案解析:此空的之前的兩個單詞都是對於此科技設備聲音的描述,故需要填入一個並列意思詞彙,又結合上文可知,人們不喜歡強勢的聲音,故選擇B。


表示條件關係:

例1:(奉賢區2017模)

This danger can beavoided,according to computer science professor Stuart Russellif we figure out how to turn human42into a programmable code.

42. A. personalities      B. behaviors     C. intentions     D.values

答案解析:注意到此空所在句子是由if引導的條件句,看到主句的意思為危險可以避免,可以想到條件中想表達的意思為:如果能搞明白怎樣將人類的——變成程序化的密碼。聯繫上下文可知是人類的價值觀,選D

2(奉賢區2017模)

Robots could also learn values from drawing patterns from large sets of data on human behavior.They are dangerous only if programmers are49.

49. A.careless     B. senseless     C. powerless     D. thoughtless

答案解析:此句意思為;機器人只有在…情況下在會危險。所以填入A。

3(奉賢區2017模)

But if we55an answer,robots could be good for humanity.

55. A. look into     B. pick out     C. turn to     D.come up with

答案解析:根據后句的結果可知,前句要表達的是只要我們能找到解決辦法,機器人會造福人類的。故選擇C.

4(嘉定區2017模)

If students rely on administrators to _50___their social behavior and thinking pattern, they are not facing the challenge of finding an identity within a larger and complex community.

50A.understand         B.train             C.protect        D.regulate

答案解析:注意到此空所在句子是由if引導的條件句,看到主句的意思他們沒有面對身份定位的挑戰,可以想到條件中想表達的意思為:如果如果學生指望管理人員去管理社會行為。故選D

5(嘉定區2017模)

If acceptable social behavior is too strictly defined(規定), the  insensitive or aggressive behavior that administrators are seeking to minimize may actually be ___53_.

53.A.encouraged       B.challenged        C. agreed             D.realize

答案解析:注意到此空所在句子是由if引導的條件句說如果可接受的社會行為規定太嚴格,那麼麻木的行為或者攻擊性的行為就可能受到鼓勵。所以填入A。


表示解說關係:

例1:(奉賢區2017模)

For example,if a robot does chores around the house,you wouldn’t want it to put the pet cat in the oven to make dinner for the44children.

44. A. special     B. demanding     C. bright     D.starving

答案解析:句意主要是說如果機器人在家裡做家務你不會希望他講寵物貓放進烤箱,做成晚飯給你的孩子吃,44空在孩子的前面,顯然是對於孩子狀態的解說,既然是和失誤有關,所以選擇D,表示餓壞了的孩子。

2(奉賢區2017模)

For example,mobile robots have been programmed to keep a46distance from humans.

46. A.comfortable     B. private     C. sufficient     D. noticeable

答案解析:此句為舉例說明,表明的是機器人所具有的人類基本價值觀,所以根據句意選擇A。

3(奉賢區2017模)

The biggest50with robots going against human values is that human beings fail to do sufficient testing and they’ve produced a system that willbreaksome kind of taboo(禁忌).

50. A. doubt      B. threat      C.concern      D. prospect

答案解析:後邊的句子主要是在一些人類的疏忽和機器人的不完善的地方,總結出來50空所填入應該是最大的擔憂,選C。

4(金山區2017模)

Ask Siri if she’s a woman. Go ahead; try it. She’ll tell you she’s(41). “Like cacti,acertain species of fish,” she might say.

41. A. robotic    B.high-tech    C. genderless    D. creative

答案解析:通過後句作者以某種魚為例,來比喻siri說明siri是不分性別的,故選c。

5(金山區2017模)

Thistendencysuggests that companies will make a better impression on a(49)group of customers with a woman’s voice.

49. A.more sociable    B.more talented    C.broader    D. wealthier

答案解析:這種趨勢給出的建議是,公司使用女性的聲音會對…的顧客群留下更深刻的印象,從句意來看故選擇C,更廣泛的顧客群。

6(金山區2017模)

In a 2011 paper, they reported that both women and men said female voices came across as warmer.(46), women even showed a subconscious preference for responding to females; men remained subconsciously neutral.

46. A.In practice    B.On the contrary    C.By this means    D.At first

答案解析:前句的內容為實驗結果表明,男性和女性都覺得女性的聲音更溫暖,但是后句中的even表明女性甚至潛意識中更喜歡女性的聲音,為具體表現形式,故選擇A。

7(徐匯區2017模)

Scientists andpolicymakerssay the agreement is the first step of a much longer and complicated process of reducing the use of fossil fuels, which currently (55) ______ the majority of the planet’s energy needs and also are the primary drivers of global warming.

55.A. remove    B. preserve    C. supply    D. restore

答案解析:55題前後是定語從句關係,解釋先行詞fossil fuels的作用,所以選C。

8(閔行區2017模)

Why

49
?

Why do we apologize? Why do we ever put ourselves in situations likely to be difficult, embarrassing, and even risky? Leaders who apologize publicly could be an easy targetforcriticism. They are expected to appear strong and capable. And whenever they make public statements of any kind, their individual and institutional reputations are in danger. Clearly, then, leaders should not apologize often. For a leader to express apology, there needs to be a good, strongreason. Leaders will publicly apologize if and when they think the costs of doing so are lower than the costs of not doing so.

49.A.bother    B.reduce    C.regret    D.ignore

答案解析:這一段的內容都是在寫為什麼要去道歉,是對大標題的解說,所以選A.bother.


表示復現關係:

例1:(徐匯區2017模)

So far, 96 countries, accounting for just over two-thirds of the world’s greenhouse gas emissions, have formally joined the agreement, whichseeksto limit global warming this century to 2 degrees Celsius (3.6 degrees Fahrenheit) above what it was before machines andfactoriesappeared in the late 1700s. The United States (44) ______ entered into the agreement in September, and more countries are expected to come aboard in the coming weeks and months.

United Nations Secretary General Ban-Ki Moon celebrated the event, talking with nongovernmental groups at U.N. headquarters in New York to hear their concerns and visions for the future.

“This is an emotional moment for me. It is a credit to all of you. And it is historic for the world,” Ban said in his opening remarks.

He praised the (47)______ for getting hundreds of millions of people to back fighting climate change butwarnedthe outcome remained uncertain.

44.A. formally    B. instantly    C. particularly    D. generally

45.A. agreements    B. groups    C. headquarters    D. emissions

答案解析:通讀前文發現So far, 96 countries,haveformally joined the agreement,44題所在句子與此信息結構和句意一致,所以直接就可以選A。

47題需填寫被表揚的對象,根據上文United Nations Secretary General Ban-Ki Moon,…..talking withnongovernmental groups….可知下文承接上文內容,故選B。


按固定搭配

例1:(楊浦區2017模)

Good news for awkward teenagers around the world. As time goes by,you could41up like a completely different person.

41. A.hold       B. wake          C. end             D. cheer

答案解析:可根據後文的具體講述內容可知,一個人隨着年齡增長到老年時會變成一個完全不同的人,故選C,表示最終,以…而告終。

2(楊浦區2017模)

It is clear that more studies are needed to find out what is going on here.but it could be thefirstsignthat is not just our cells that are beingreplacedthroughout life–the way we think ,feel and behave might not be as55as we once thought.

55.A. stuck in mudB. buried in sandC. lost in thoughtD.setin stone

答案解析:根據前句不僅僅是我們的細胞在不斷地被取代,我們的思考和行為方式也在被取代,換言之,就是不像我們想象的那樣一成不變,因此選D。

3(崇明區2017模)

New research shows the top reasonwhypeople leave their jobs is to44opportunities with a better work-life balance.

44. A. give up    B. seek out    C. act on    D. substitute for

答案解析:答案為B。A意思是:放棄;B:尋找;C:行動;D:代替,全句意思是:新的調查表明人們離開他們工作的最主要原因是去尋找更好的生活工作平衡的機會。

4(崇明區2017模)

In the50to achieve work-life balance, working mothers having been “quitting” jobs for more than a decade,choosing to stayathome with their children when51possible.

50. A. struggle    B. permission    C. decision    D. ability

答案解析:in the struggle to do sth,因此選A。

5(普陀區2017模)

When they watch a boxing match, they can __44__ with the winning boxer.

44. A. pick up    B. believe in    C. identify with    D. long for

答案解析:identify withsb和   一致,所以選C。

6(嘉定區2017模)

In the past two decades, continued connection with and___43__on family, thanks to cell phones, email and social media, have increased significantly.

43A. Concentration    B.dependence    C.influence        D.decision

答案解析:此處為固定搭配,dependence on family依靠家庭,選B。

7(浦東區2017模)

Indeed, the cross-border flow of digital data —- e-commerce, web searches, online video, machine-to-machine interactions —- has grown 45 times larger since 2005 and is __44__ to grow much faster than the global economy over the next few years.

44A. projected    B. tracked    C. signaled    D. needed

答案解析:此處為固定搭配,be projected to do,預計做某事,故選擇A。


可見,我們可以利用:轉折、因果、並列、條件等邏輯關係,以復現和固定搭配的出題思路,來定奪正確答案:不管記敘文還是說明文,文章的主旨和脈絡都要理清楚,才能幫助我們“句內”、“句間”和“段間”的邏輯關係!

所以,二模二模完型填空大家需要回顧一次,然後考前再去認真縱向對比和總結下真題的完型填空,就會發現真題出題還是非常規範,沒有那一道題從上或者下文中找不到依據!


❤最後19天加油!


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